Video 2. Different types of infrastructure, their importance in governance and auditing

Infrastructure refers to the structures, systems and
facilities that serve a country, city or area. That includes the services and facilities that
are needed for its economy to function. It typically characterises technical structures,
such as roads, bridges, tunnels, the water supply, sewers, electricity grids, telecommunications etc. Their main function is to make
commodities and services that are essential in enabling, sustaining and enhancing societable living
available to citizens. Some examples of major infrastructure projects are: The Rail Baltic which is planned as a high-speed railway line
connecting the Baltic States to Central Europe. The cost of the project is forecast
to amount to ca 3.5 billion euros. Another good example is the NordBalt underwater
power cable running between Sweden and Lithuania, the cost of which is 522 million euros. Last but not least is the Øresund Bridge
which is a nearly 8 kilometres long combined railway and motorway bridge
between Denmark and Sweden. The project cost 2.6 billion euros.

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